The second CI states that “Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end and never merely as a means to an end” (Immanuel Kant, 2009, ¶ 44). The teaching-coaching function allowed me to coach Aaron in slowing down his breathing. I was focused on the adequate pain relief, supportive caring environment for Aaron. Any symptoms of his struggle and suffering should be addressed in order to achieve his due end. From these competencies, 7 domains were derived according to similarity of function and intent: The diagnostic and patient-monitoring function, Effective management of rapidly changing situations, Administering and monitoring therapeutic interventions and regimens, Monitoring and ensuring the quality of healthcare practices, Organizational work-role competencies (Benner, 1984). The nurse also must provide comfort, privacy and safety as a part of this carative factor (Watson, 1979). All the healthcare providers were communicating with Aaron what was being done. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Benner states, “In the study we found that examining the nature of the nurse’s agency, by which we mean the sense and possibilities for acting in particular clinical situations, gave new insights about how perception and action are both shaped by a practice community.”(Benner et al., p. xii). Her most recent book, Caring Science as Sacred Science (2005), “seeks to bridge paradigms as well as point toward transformative models for the 21st century” (Watson Caring Science Institute, 2009). Reference this. Course Hero, Inc. The cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others. x. Watson’s first major publication, Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring, began as a class notes for a course she was developing (Tomey & Alligood, 2002). The second maxim is often seen as introducing the idea of respect for persons, for whatever it is that is essential to humankind (Johnson, 2004). He introduced her to phenomenology. I wet a washcloth with cold water and started wiping Aaron’s forehead. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The first three factors served as the “philosophical foundation for the science of caring” (Watson, 1979, p. 10). Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Königsberg, which is today the city of Kaliningrad in the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad Oblast (Watkins, 2002). Open to mystery and allow miracles to enter (Watson Caring Science Institute, 2007). It is a matter of stepping out of ourselves and thinking of the effects our decisions have on others. Aaron’s attending physician walked in. Everyday we are cognizant of how we treat others and I personally try to do everything I can for. Company Registration No: 4964706. The interviews also “described characteristics of nurse performance at different stages of skill acquisition” (Benner, p. 15). This system of values is what makes the nursing profession human. As part of the healthcare team who provided care to Aaron’s last hour, I made sure Aaron had a comfortable dignified death by providing the best care I have learned through all my years of clinical experience. Example: An example of this would be to do everything you can as a nurse even if the patient is. This factor is defined as satisfaction through giving and extension of the sense of self (Watson, 1979). There are three maxims or categorical imperatives that Kant’s theory are based on. It is an imperative because it is a command. The nurse must be aware of the external and internal factors that may affect the well being of the patient. In another application of Benner’s levels of skill acquisition, the University of Maryland, Baltimore School of Nursing used Benner’s concept to establish protocols for the development of patient care simulation for students (Larew, Lessans, Spunt, Foster, & Covington, 2006). The provision for a supportive, protective and /or corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural and spiritual environment. In the AMICAE project, 1200 nurse participants completed questionnaires and interviews, with 51 participants observed by trained researchers. As the nurse who volunteered to take over a coworker’s assignment, I had the free will to choose to help or not. The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning. By using the model in nursing practice, Benner noted that “experience-based skill acquisition is safer and quicker when it rests upon a sound educational base” (Benner, p. xix). Benner’s model was also used to guide nurses in taking care of handicapped children in the school setting (Pesata, 1994). According to the Aaron’s family, he was neither religious nor spiritual so that was respected. Benner’s work as the author and the project director of a federally funded grant, Achievement Methods of Intraprofessional Consensus, Assessment, and Evaluation (AMICAE) led to the publication of From Novice to Expert (Tomey & Alligood, 2002). Each stage builds on the previous one as the nurse gains clinical experience. A time I had to use this would be when I was caring for an elderly gentleman that did not want to be in an assisted living though he …

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